Chitral is a capital city of Chitral district and it is also served as a capital of princely state of Chitral until 1969. The valley is surrounded by Wakhan, Badkhshan, Asmar and Afghanistan.
History of Chitral
The region has long and fascinating history. The Buddist ruler of the Kushan Empire, occupied Chitral in the third century. The Chinese occupied the valley in the 4th century. Raees ruled in the region for more than 200 years. From onward 1571 till 1969 it was dominion of the Kator Dynasty, after 1969 it was merged into Pakistan.
Chitral is bordered with Gilgit-Baltistan, Swat, China, Wakhan, Nuristan and Kunar provinces of Afghanistan. Upper Dir district of Khyber Pakhtunkha province is situated in the south of the town. There are two famous/(main) routes to enter in the region that are Lowari Pass/Tunnel and Shandur Pass.
Allah has gifted this region with mysterious mountains, green valleys, meadows and glacires. It is divided into 35 small valleys. Some of them are
* Kalash Valleys
* Garam Chashma
* Shishi Koh
* Tor Khow
* Mor Khow
The highest peak in the Hindukush range is Terichmir with height of 25,263 feet. It is just 35 miles away from town. All the mountains in this region are above than 4,000 feet and 40 peaks have an altitude of 20,000 feet. The town covers an area of 14,850 sq km and has population of more than 500,000.
The weather there is extremely harsh and cold in winters but it is pleasant in summers. The best time to visit the valley is from May to September, because the temperature range between 20 to 40 C. While in winters the temperature plunge below minus.
Culture of Chitral
There are traces of Greek, Iranian, Tatar and Turkish culture. The local people call the land of Chitral “Kho” and the language there is Khowar. The other languages that are spoken in here are:
They also have a strong musical tradition. You can often hear Chitrali Sitar at many places and family gathering. Polo is the most popular sport and it is held between Gilgit and Chitral every year from 7th to 9th July at Shandur Pass.
University of Chitral
University of Chitral is a public sector university. It was founded in 2017. The University is acting as the Regional Educational Corridor for Pakistan and Afghanistan. Currently the university has the following departments.
* Computer Science
* English Language and Literature
* Management Science
* Political Science
* Tourism and Hotel Management
Chitral AirportChitral airport is a small domestic airport. Pakistan International Airline fly from Chitral to Islamabad and Peshawar and vice versa. Book your ticket through Malik Express now and travel to Chitral within few minutes from Islamabad and Peshawar.
Top places to visit in Chitral
There are number of tourist spots in Chitral Valley. Some places are listed below:
Trich Mir is a lofty mountain, it is the highest peak in the Hindukush Range. The peak offers the most fascinating view to capture in eyes. Malik Express offers you various accommodation options by venture hotels from where you can easily witness the natural beauty of this mountain.
Chitral Museum has well preserved its ancestor’s art that was left behind. The Museum was built on July 2010. The main idea was to maintain cultural heritage for tourist. Chitral Museum is divided into two different sections, one is Ethnological Gallery and the other is Archaeological & Kalash Gallery. The first section has jewelry, instruments and furniture that was used in 12th century. Other section has things related to Kalash that shows the cultural heritage of Greek
Shahi Masjid in Chitral is a piece of magnificent architecture. This Masjid was built by Shujaul Mulk in 1924 A.D.. He was the ruler of Chitral from 1895 to 1936. The building is an amazing piece with pure white marbles and art.
Garam Chashma is the most favorite and popular spot. It offers the hot water in springs. Garam Chashma is accessible through a jeep ride.
Kalash Valley is known for its Greek Mythology. People of Kalash Valley falls in the minority of the population of Pakistan. The valley is located 35 away from the Chitral. Between April and July Kalash People celebrates most of the festivals.